SMR Reducer Specification
1 Output Hub
Standard or alternative hubs with metric bores are available to suit international standard shaft diameters.
2 Precision High Quality Gearing
Computer Designed Helical Gears, Strong Alloy Materials for High Load Capacity, Case Carburized for long life, Ground Profile(some intermediate pinions are shaved) Crown tooth Profile, In Conformance with ISO 1328-1997, 98% Efficiency for Per Stage, Smooth Quiet Operation with Several Teeth in Mesh.
3 Maximum Capacity Housing Design
Close Grain Cast Iron Construction, Excellent Vibration Dampening & Shock Resistance Features, Precision Bored and Dowelled to Ensure Accurate In-Line Assembly.
4 Strong Alloy Steel Shafts
Strong Alloy Steel, Hardened, Ground on Journals, Gear Seatings and Extensions, for
Maximum Load and Maximum Torsional Loads. Generous Size Shaft
Keys for Shock Loading and Conform to ISO Standards.
5 Additional Case Lugs Except H and J Gear Case
Eliminates the Need for Critical Tightening of Torque Arm Bolts. Controls Position of
Standard Torque Arm Mounting within Recommended limits.
Alternative Parts, Antirun Back Device, AreAvailable on all 13:1 and 20:1 Ratio Units and do not recommend for 5:1 Units.
7 Bearings and Oilseals
Bearings are Adequately Proportioned and Conform to ISO Dimension Plan, Readily
Available WorldWide. Oilseals are Double Lipped Garter Spring Type, Ensuring Effective Oil Sealing.
8 Rubberised End Caps
Self Sealing Intermediate Cover Plates, to Standard ISO Housing Dimensions.
9 Torque Arm Assembly
For Easy Adjustment of the Belt.
SIZE : SMR B C D E F G H
RATIO : 5:1 13:1 20:1
|Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Agricultural Machinery
|Distribution Power, Change Drive Torque, Change Drive Direction, Speed Changing, Speed Reduction, Speed Increase
|Hardened Tooth Surface
Challenges in Achieving High Gear Ratios with Compactness in Planetary Gearboxes
Designing planetary gearboxes with high gear ratios while maintaining compactness presents several challenges:
- Space Constraints: As the gear ratio increases, the number of gear stages required also increases. This can lead to larger gearbox sizes, which may be challenging to accommodate in applications with limited space.
- Bearing Loads: Higher gear ratios often result in increased loads on the bearings and other components due to the redistribution of forces. This can impact the durability and lifespan of the gearbox.
- Efficiency: Each gear stage introduces losses due to friction and other factors. With multiple stages, the overall efficiency of the gearbox can decrease, affecting its energy efficiency.
- Complexity: Achieving high gear ratios can require complex gear arrangements and additional components, which can lead to increased manufacturing complexity and costs.
- Thermal Effects: Higher gear ratios can lead to greater heat generation due to increased friction and loads. Managing thermal effects becomes crucial to prevent overheating and component failure.
To address these challenges, gearbox designers use advanced materials, precise machining techniques, and innovative bearing arrangements to optimize the design for both compactness and performance. Computer simulations and modeling play a critical role in predicting the behavior of the gearbox under different operating conditions, helping to ensure reliability and efficiency.
The Role of Lubrication and Cooling in Maintaining Planetary Gearbox Performance
Lubrication and cooling are essential factors in ensuring the optimal performance and longevity of planetary gearboxes. Here’s how they play a crucial role:
Lubrication: Proper lubrication is vital for reducing friction and wear between gear teeth and other moving components within the gearbox. It forms a protective layer that prevents metal-to-metal contact and minimizes heat generation. The lubricant also helps dissipate heat and contaminants, ensuring a smoother and quieter operation.
Using the right type of lubricant and maintaining the proper lubrication level are essential. Over time, lubricants may degrade due to factors like temperature, load, and operating conditions. Regular lubricant analysis and replacement help maintain optimal gearbox performance.
Cooling: Planetary gearboxes can generate significant heat during operation due to friction and power transmission. Excessive heat can lead to lubricant breakdown, reduced efficiency, and premature wear. Cooling mechanisms, such as cooling fans, fins, or external cooling systems, help dissipate heat and maintain a stable operating temperature.
Efficient cooling prevents overheating and ensures consistent lubricant properties, extending the life of the gearbox components. It’s particularly important in applications with high-speed or high-torque requirements.
Overall, proper lubrication and cooling practices are essential to prevent excessive wear, maintain efficient power transmission, and prolong the service life of planetary gearboxes. Regular maintenance and monitoring of lubrication quality and cooling effectiveness are key to ensuring the continued performance of these gearboxes.
Advantages of Planetary Gearboxes Compared to Other Gearbox Configurations
Planetary gearboxes, also known as epicyclic gearboxes, offer several advantages compared to other gearbox configurations. These advantages make them well-suited for a wide range of applications. Here’s a closer look at why planetary gearboxes are favored:
- Compact Size: Planetary gearboxes are known for their compact and space-efficient design. The arrangement of multiple gears within a single housing allows for high gear reduction ratios without significantly increasing the size of the gearbox.
- High Torque Density: Due to their compact design, planetary gearboxes offer high torque density, meaning they can transmit a significant amount of torque relative to their size. This makes them ideal for applications where space is limited, but high torque is required.
- Efficiency: Planetary gearboxes can achieve high efficiency levels, especially when properly lubricated and well-designed. The arrangement of multiple meshing gears allows for load distribution, reducing individual gear tooth stresses and minimizing losses due to friction.
- Multiple Gear Stages: Planetary gearboxes can be designed with multiple stages, allowing for higher gear reduction ratios. This is particularly advantageous when precise control of output speed and torque is required.
- High Gear Ratios: Planetary gearboxes can achieve high gear reduction ratios in a single stage, eliminating the need for multiple external gears. This simplifies the overall design and reduces the number of components.
- Load Sharing: The multiple gear meshing arrangements in planetary gearboxes distribute loads evenly across multiple gears, reducing the stress on individual components and enhancing overall durability.
- High Precision: Planetary gearboxes offer high precision and accuracy in gear meshing, making them suitable for applications that demand precise motion control.
- Quiet Operation: The design of planetary gearboxes often leads to smoother and quieter operation compared to some other gearbox configurations, contributing to improved user experience.
Overall, the advantages of planetary gearboxes in terms of size, torque density, efficiency, versatility, and precision make them an attractive choice for a wide range of applications across industries, including robotics, automotive, aerospace, and industrial machinery.
editor by CX 2023-12-12
Features of S series reducer
The same model can be equipped with motors of various powers. It is easy to realize the combination and connection between various models.
The transmission efficiency is high, and the single reducer efficiency is up to 96%. three
The transmission ratio is subdivided and the range is wide. The combined model can form a large transmission ratio and low output speed.
The installation forms are various, and can be installed with any foot, B5 flange or B4 flange. The foot mounting reducer has 2 machined foot mounting planes.
Helical gear and worm gear combination, compact structure, large reduction ratio.
Installation mode: foot installation, hollow shaft installation, flange installation, torque arm installation, small flange installation.
Input mode: motor direct connection, motor belt connection or input shaft, connection flange input.
Average efficiency: reduction ratio 7.5-69.39 is 77%; 70.43-288 is 62%; The S/R combination is 57%.
S57 SF57 SA57 SAF57 S series helical worm gear box speed reducer 0.18kw 0.25kw 0.37kw 0.55kw 0.75kw 1.1kw 1.5kw 2.2kw 3kw, max. permissible torque up to 300Nm, transmission ratios from 10.78 to 196.21. Mounting mode: foot mounted, flange mounted, short flange mounted, torque arm mounted. Output shaft: CZPT shaft, hollow shaft (with key, with shrink disc and with involute spline).
Packaging & Shipping
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Smooth and Controlled Movement in Industrial Robots with Planetary Gearboxes
Planetary gearboxes play a crucial role in ensuring smooth and controlled movement in industrial robots, enhancing their precision and performance:
Reduced Backlash: Planetary gearboxes are designed to minimize backlash, which is the amount of play or free movement between gear teeth. This reduction in backlash results in precise and accurate motion control, allowing industrial robots to achieve precise positioning and repeatability.
High Gear Reduction Ratios: Planetary gearboxes offer high gear reduction ratios, allowing the robot’s motor to output higher torque while maintaining lower speed. This capability enables robots to handle heavy loads and perform tasks that require fine adjustments and delicate movements.
Compact Design: The compact and lightweight design of planetary gearboxes allows for their integration into the limited space of industrial robot joints and actuators. This compactness is crucial for maintaining the overall efficiency and agility of the robot’s movements.
Multi-Speed Capabilities: Planetary gearboxes can be designed with multiple gear stages, allowing industrial robots to operate at different speeds as needed for various tasks. This flexibility in speed selection enhances the robot’s versatility in performing tasks of varying complexities.
High Efficiency: Planetary gearboxes are known for their high efficiency, which translates to minimal energy loss during gear transmission. This efficiency ensures that the robot’s movements are smooth and consistent while optimizing energy consumption.
Torque Distribution: The arrangement of planetary gears allows for efficient distribution of torque across multiple gear stages. This feature ensures that the robot’s joints and actuators receive the appropriate amount of torque for controlled movement, even when handling varying loads.
Seamless Integration: Planetary gearboxes are designed to be easily integrated with servo motors and other robotic components. This seamless integration ensures that the gearbox’s performance is harmoniously aligned with the overall robotic system.
Precision and Accuracy: By providing precise gear reduction and motion control, planetary gearboxes enable industrial robots to perform tasks that demand high levels of precision and accuracy, such as assembly, welding, painting, and intricate material handling.
Reduced Vibrations: The reduced backlash and smooth gear engagement in planetary gearboxes contribute to minimized vibrations during robot operation. This results in quieter and more stable robot movements, further enhancing their performance and user experience.
Dynamic Load Handling: Planetary gearboxes can handle dynamic loads that may change during robot operation. Their ability to manage varying loads while maintaining controlled movement is essential for safe and reliable robot performance.
In summary, planetary gearboxes ensure smooth and controlled movement in industrial robots by minimizing backlash, offering high gear reduction ratios, providing a compact design, enabling multi-speed capabilities, maintaining high efficiency, distributing torque effectively, seamlessly integrating with robotic systems, enhancing precision and accuracy, reducing vibrations, and enabling dynamic load handling. These features collectively contribute to the precise and optimized motion of industrial robots in various applications and industries.
Advantages of Backlash Reduction Mechanisms in Planetary Gearboxes
Backlash reduction mechanisms in planetary gearboxes offer several advantages that contribute to improved performance and precision:
Improved Positioning Accuracy: Backlash, or the play between gear teeth, can lead to positioning errors in applications where precise movement is crucial. Reduction mechanisms help minimize or eliminate this play, resulting in more accurate positioning.
Better Reversal Characteristics: Backlash can cause a delay in reversing the direction of motion. With reduction mechanisms, the reversal is smoother and more immediate, making them suitable for applications requiring quick changes in direction.
Enhanced Efficiency: Backlash can lead to energy losses and reduced efficiency due to the impacts between gear teeth. Reduction mechanisms minimize these impacts, improving overall power transmission efficiency.
Reduced Noise and Vibration: Backlash can contribute to noise and vibration in gearboxes, affecting both the equipment and the surrounding environment. By reducing backlash, the noise and vibration levels are significantly decreased.
Better Wear Protection: Backlash can accelerate wear on gear teeth, leading to premature gearbox failure. Reduction mechanisms help distribute the load more evenly across the teeth, extending the lifespan of the gearbox.
Enhanced System Stability: In applications where stability is crucial, such as robotics and automation, backlash reduction mechanisms contribute to smoother operation and reduced oscillations.
Compatibility with Precision Applications: Industries such as aerospace, medical equipment, and optics require high precision. Backlash reduction mechanisms make planetary gearboxes suitable for these applications by ensuring accurate and reliable motion.
Increased Control and Performance: In applications where control is critical, such as CNC machines and robotics, reduction mechanisms provide better control over the motion and enable finer adjustments.
Minimized Error Accumulation: In systems with multiple gear stages, backlash can accumulate, leading to larger positioning errors. Reduction mechanisms help minimize this error accumulation, maintaining accuracy throughout the system.
Overall, incorporating backlash reduction mechanisms in planetary gearboxes leads to improved accuracy, efficiency, reliability, and performance, making them essential components in precision-driven industries.
Energy Efficiency of a Worm Gearbox: What to Expect
The energy efficiency of a worm gearbox is an important factor to consider when evaluating its performance. Here’s what you can expect in terms of energy efficiency:
- Typical Efficiency Range: Worm gearboxes are known for their compact size and high gear reduction capabilities, but they can exhibit lower energy efficiency compared to other types of gearboxes. The efficiency of a worm gearbox typically falls in the range of 50% to 90%, depending on various factors such as design, manufacturing quality, lubrication, and load conditions.
- Inherent Losses: Worm gearboxes inherently involve sliding contact between the worm and worm wheel. This sliding contact generates friction, leading to energy losses in the form of heat. The sliding action also contributes to lower efficiency when compared to gearboxes with rolling contact.
- Helical-Worm Design: Some manufacturers offer helical-worm gearbox designs that combine elements of helical and worm gearing. These designs aim to improve efficiency by incorporating helical gears in the reduction stage, which can lead to higher efficiency compared to traditional worm gearboxes.
- Lubrication: Proper lubrication plays a significant role in minimizing friction and improving energy efficiency. Using high-quality lubricants and ensuring the gearbox is adequately lubricated can help reduce losses due to friction.
- Application Considerations: While worm gearboxes might have lower energy efficiency compared to other types of gearboxes, they still offer advantages in terms of compactness, high torque transmission, and simplicity. Therefore, the decision to use a worm gearbox should consider the specific requirements of the application, including the trade-off between energy efficiency and other performance factors.
When selecting a worm gearbox, it’s essential to consider the trade-offs between energy efficiency, torque transmission, gearbox size, and the specific needs of the application. Regular maintenance, proper lubrication, and selecting a well-designed gearbox can contribute to achieving the best possible energy efficiency within the limitations of worm gearbox technology.
editor by CX 2023-11-14